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Intro to DDEV-Local

DDEV is an open source tool that makes it dead simple to get local PHP development environments up and running within minutes. It's powerful and flexible as a result of its per-project environment configurations, which can be extended, version controlled, and shared. In short, DDEV aims to allow development teams to use Docker in their workflow without the complexities of bespoke configuration.

System Requirements

  • Docker version 18.06 or higher. Linux users make sure you do the post-install steps. Installing or upgrading docker-compose is not required as DDEV uses its own private docker-compose version.
  • OS Support
    * macOS Mojave and higher (macOS 10.14 and higher; it should run anywhere Docker Desktop for Mac runs (Current Docker Desktop has deprecated macOS 10.13 High Sierra, but Docker Desktop versions prior to can still work with DDEV-Local on High Sierra.)
    * Linux: Most Linux distributions which can run Docker-ce are fine. This includes at least Ubuntu 16.04+, Debian Jessie+, Fedora 25+. Make sure to follow the docker-ce post-install steps
    * Windows 10 (all editions) with WSL2 (version 1903.1049, 1909.1049, 2004 or later)
    * (Non-WSL2) Windows 10 Home, Pro, or Enterprise with Docker Desktop for Windows
  • Architecture Support
    * AMD64 is supported on Windows 10 (with either traditional Windows or WSL2), macOS, and Linux.
    * ARM64 machines are currently supported on Linux and in WSL2 in Windows ARM64 computers.
    * Apple Silicon M1 (ARM64) is supported in v1.17-alpha1+ (edge versions).

Using DDEV alongside other development environments

DDEV by default uses ports 80 and 443 on your system when projects are running. If you are using another local development environment you can either stop the other environment or configure DDEV to use different ports. See troubleshooting for more detailed problem solving.


When upgrading, please run ddev poweroff and check the release notes for actions you might need to take on each project.

Docker Installation

Docker is required before anything will work with DDEV. This is pretty easy on most environments; see the docker_installation page to help sort out the details, especially on Windows and Linux. It is not required to install docker-compose because DDEV uses its own private version.

Homebrew - macOS/Linux

For macOS (both amd64 and arm64) and Linux users, we recommend installing and upgrading via Homebrew (macOS) or Homebrew on Linux (Linux):

brew install drud/ddev/ddev

If you would like more frequent "edge" releases then use brew install drud/ddev-edge/ddev instead.

As a one-time initialization, run mkcert -install. Linux users may have to take additional actions as discussed below in Linux mkcert -install additional instructions.

Later, to upgrade to a newer version of DDEV-Local, run:

ddev poweroff && brew upgrade drud/ddev/ddev

Installation or Upgrade - Windows (WSL2)

This is the recommended installation method for all Windows users that are on Windows 10 2004 or higher. If you don't have this version yet, or if you don't want to use WSL2, please follow the legacy instructions for Windows below.

All Windows 10 editions (including Windows 10 Home) support WSL2. Docker Toolbox support for DDEV has been removed. If you're already familiar with DDEV on Windows, you might have been using NFS for better filesystem performance. You won't need NFS anymore once you switch to WSL2, since it provides awesome filesystem performance out of the box.

The WSL2 install process involves:

  • Installing Chocolatey package manager (optional).
  • One time initialization of mkcert.
  • Installing WSL2 and installing a distro like Ubuntu.
  • Installing or upgrading to the latest Docker Desktop for Windows with WSL2 enabled.
  • Installing DDEV inside your distro.

We'll walk through these in more detail. You may prefer other techniques of installation or may not need some steps, but this is the full recipe:

  1. If you have previously installed Docker Toolbox, please completely uninstall Docker Toolbox.
  2. Chocolatey: We recommend using Chocolatey for installing required Windows apps like mkcert. In an administrative PowerShell, Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString(''))
  3. In an administrative PowerShell: choco install -y mkcert
  4. In an administrative PowerShell, run mkcert -install and answer the prompt allowing the installation of the Certificate Authority.
  5. In an administrative PowerShell, run the command setx CAROOT "$(mkcert -CAROOT)"; If ($Env:WSLENV -notlike "*CAROOT/up:*") { setx WSLENV "CAROOT/up:$Env:WSLENV" }. This will set WSL2 to use the Certificate Authority installed on the Windows side.
  6. In administrative PowerShell, run the command wsl --install. This will install WSL2 and Ubuntu for you. Reboot when this is done.
  7. Docker Desktop for Windows: If you already have the latest Docker Desktop, configure it in the General Settings to use the WSL2-based engine. Otherwise install the latest Docker Desktop for Windows and select the WSL2-based engine (not legacy Hyper-V) when installing. Install via Chocolatey with choco install docker-desktop or it can be downloaded from Start Docker. It may prompt you to log out and log in again, or reboot.
  8. Go to Docker Desktop settings > Resources > WSL integration > enable integration for your distro (now docker commands will be available from within your WSL2 distro).
  9. Double-check in PowerShell: wsl -l -v should show three distros, and your Ubuntu should be the default. All three should be WSL version 2.
  10. Double-check in Ubuntu (or your distro): echo $CAROOT should show something like /mnt/c/Users/<you>/AppData/Local/mkcert
  11. Check that docker is working inside Ubuntu (or your distro): docker ps
  12. Optional: If you prefer to use the traditional Windows ddev instead of working inside WSL2, install it with choco install -y ddev. The Windows ddev works fine with the WSL2-based Docker engine. However, the WSL2 ddev setup is vastly preferable and at least 10 times as fast. Support for the traditional Windows approach will eventually be dropped.
  13. Open the WSL2 terminal, for example Ubuntu from the Windows start menu.
  14. Install Homebrew: /bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL" (See
  15. Add brew to your path as prompted:, echo 'eval $(/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)' >> ~/.profile && source ~/.profile
  16. brew install gcc && brew install drud/ddev/ddev
  17. sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y xdg-utils to install the xdg-utils package that allows ddev launch to work.

That's it! You have now installed DDEV on WSL2. If you're using WSL2 for DDEV (recommended), remember to run all ddev commands inside the WSL2 distro.

Make sure you put your projects in the Linux filesystem (e.g. /home/), not in the Windows filesystem (/mnt/c), because you'll get vastly superior performance on the Linux filesystem.

Note that nfs-mount-enabled (and running NFS) are not required on WSL2 because it's perhaps faster without NFS.

Installation or Upgrade - Windows (legacy)

  • If you use chocolatey (recommended), then you can just choco install ddev git from an administrative shell. Upgrades are just ddev poweroff && choco upgrade ddev.
  • A windows installer is provided in each ddev release (ddev_windows_installer.<version>.exe). Run that and it will do the full installation for you. Open a new git-bash or PowerShell or cmd window and start using ddev.
  • Most people interact with ddev on Windows using git-bash, part of the Windows git suite. Although ddev does work with cmd and PowerShell, it's more at home in bash. You can install it with chocolatey using choco install -y git.

Installation/Upgrade Script - Linux and macOS (ARM/ARM64 and AMD64 architectures)

Windows WSL2, Linux and macOS users can use this line of code to your terminal to download, verify, and install (or upgrade) ddev using our install script. Note that this works with both amd64 and arm64 architectures, including Surface Pro X with WSL2 and 64-bit Raspberry Pi OS. It also works with the new macOS Apple Silicon M1 machines.

curl -LO && bash

The installation script can also take a version argument in order to install a specific version or a prerelease version. For example,

curl -LO && bash v1.17.0-alpha2

Later, to upgrade DDEV to the latest version, just run ddev poweroff and run the script again.

Manual Installation or Upgrade - Linux and macOS

You can also easily perform the installation or upgrade manually if preferred. DDEV is just a single executable, no special installation is actually required, so for all operating systems, the installation is just copying DDEV into place where it's in the system path.

  • ddev poweroff if upgrading
  • Download and extract the latest ddev release for your architecture.
  • Move ddev to /usr/local/bin: mv ddev /usr/local/bin/ (may require sudo), or another directory in your $PATH as preferred.
  • Run ddev to test your installation. You should see DDEV's command usage output.
  • As a one-time initialization, run mkcert -install, which may require your sudo password. Linux users may have to take additional actions as discussed below in Linux mkcert -install additional instructions. If you don't have mkcert installed, you can install it from Download the version for the correct architecture and sudo mv <downloaded_file> /usr/local/bin/mkcert && sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/mkcert.

Installation via package managers - Linux

The preferred Linux package manager is Homebrew : brew install drud/ddev/ddev

We also currently maintain a package on Arch Linux (AUR)

As a one-time initialization, run mkcert -install, which may require your sudo password. See below for additional information.

Linux mkcert -install additional instructions

The mkcert -install step on Linux may provide you with additional instructions.

On variants of Linux you may be prompted for additional package installation to get certutil installed, but you can follow the instructions given by mkcert:

$ mkcert -install
Created a new local CA at "/home/username/.local/share/mkcert" 
Installing to the system store is not yet supported on this Linux  but Firefox and/or Chrome/Chromium will still work.
You can also manually install the root certificate at "/home/username/.local/share/mkcert/rootCA.pem".
Warning: "certutil" is not available, so the CA can't be automatically installed in Firefox and/or Chrome/Chromium! ⚠️
Install "certutil" with "apt install libnss3-tools" or "yum install nss-tools" and re-run "mkcert -install" 

(Note the prompt Installing to the system store is not yet supported on this Linux, which can be a simple result of not having /usr/sbin in the path so that /usr/sbin/update-ca-certificates can be found.)

Windows and Firefox mkcert -install additional instructions

The mkcert -install step on Windows does not work for the Firefox browser.
You need to add the created root certificate authority to the security
configuration by your self:

  • Run mkcert -install (you can use the shortcut from the start menu for that)
  • Run mkcert -CAROOT to see the local folder used for the newly created root
    certificate authority
  • Open the Firefox Preferences
  • Enter certificates into the search box on the top
  • Click View Certificates...
  • Select the tab Authorities
  • Click to Import...
  • Go to the folder where your root certificate authority was stored
  • Select the file rootCA.pem
  • Click to Open

You should now see your CA under mkcert development CA.


For instructions to uninstall DDEV-Local see Uninstallation.

Support and User-Contributed Documentation

We love to hear from our users and help them be successful with DDEV. Support options include:

  • Lots of built-in help: ddev help and ddev help <command>. You'll find examples and explanations.
  • DDEV Documentation
  • DDEV Stack Overflow for support and frequently asked questions. We respond quite quickly here and the results provide quite a library of user-curated solutions.
  • DDEV issue queue for bugs and feature requests
  • Interactive community support on Discord for everybody, plus sub-channels for CMS-specific questions and answers.
  • The #ddev channels in Drupal Slack, TYPO3 Slack. We hope to get people to move to Discord, where the entire DDEV community can interact and share expertise.
  • ddev-contrib repo provides a number of vetted user-contributed recipes for extending and using DDEV. Your contributions are welcome.
  • awesome-ddev repo has loads of external resources, blog posts, recipes, screencasts, and the like. Your contributions are welcome.
  • Twitter with tag #ddev will get to us, but it's not as good for interactive support, but we'll answer anywhere.

Last update: 2021-12-07